The breeding of Lipizzaner horses in Hungary began in the early 1800s, when the stud was transferred from Lipica to Mezőhegyes in order to save the animals from the Napoleonic troops.
After the dangers of war passed –in six years – not all horses returned to Lipica, since, in the mean time, the number of stud horses grew – and remained in the military stud of Mezőhegyes, counting a number of 3000 other horses.
As a result of the nearly seven decades of Mezőhegyes breeding, husbandry and the effects of the „field” the characteristics of the species started to change. Mezőhegyes and its environment is a plain with fertile soil and a climate favorable to the agricultural produce. As a result, the horses started to gain weight, became heavy-boned, and lost some of their physical sturdiness so typical of mountain horses.
To solve this problem, the Lipizzaner were transferred from Mezőhegyes to Fogaras, in the mountains of Transylvania.
The transfer took place in 1874/75.
The horses then again got into the mountainous environment that fulfilled the needs of the species. The nearly 40 years spent at Fogaras resulted in a strengthening of the species.
In 1912, the Lipizzaner stud was transferred from Fogaras to the Hungarian Royal Stud of Bábolna, after the Ministry of Agriculture decided to save it from the damages of the 1st World War. Bábolna was also a particularly beneficial period for the species, from the aspect of breeding, regardless of the fact that the species got to the plains once again, away from the mountainous environment.
The Bábolna period lasted also for 40 years. In order to preserve the characteristics of the species based of an order made in 1947, a colt stud was built in 1950 on the Bükk highlands 870 m above sea level, in the town of Csipkéskút. Following this, the continuous relocation of the Lipizzaner species began from Bábolna to Bükk mountains and Szilvásvárad.
Szilvásvárad and its surroundings (the Bükk mountains) are situated in present-day Hungary, which is most similar to the original breeding place, Lipica.
The quality of soil, vegetation, height above sea level, and climate guarantee long-term preservation of the characteristics of the species that is also influenced by environmental factors.
In 1953. January 22, with its certificate of foundation, the Ministry of State Farms and Forests established the State Stud of Szilvásvárad. Its mission is the maintenance of the Hungarian Lipizzaner national stud. The successor of the national stud that has gone through several organizational change is today’s State Stud of Szilvásvárad.